Local Government Department


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Background of Local Government

Local government is a lowest tier of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-localized and has limited powers. The system of local government inherited by Pakistan in 1947 was a product of a series of British efforts made from time to time through reforms, laws and commissions, to promote local institutions autonomous in certain respects but substantially under the control of the provincial government through district officers. After independence, the policy of the Pakistan Govt in regard to local govt was that fullest autonomy shall be granted to such bodies; this was borne out by the 1948 Muslim League Manifesto which stood for the ‘very widest extension of Local Govt on the models of parishes and communes of the United States’. Despite these steps and prompt action taken, the local govt institutions in West Pakistan made no appreciable progress. The above state of affairs more or less continued to prevail throughout the first decade of Pakistan’s existence and no noteworthy advance was made until the promulgation of Basic Democracies Order in 1959.

Districts

(01)The District Government consisted of Zila Nazim and District Administration

(02)The District Administration consisted of District Officers including sub-offices at Talukas/Towns level, who were to be responsible to the District Nazim assisted by the District Coordinator Officer

(03)The District Coordinator Officer was appointed by the Provincial Govt and was the coordinating head of the District Administration

(04)The Zila Nazim was accountable to the people through elected members of the Zila Council. A Zila Council was consisted of all Union Nazims in the Districts. The Zila Council has separate budget allocation

(05)The District Govt was responsible to the people and Provincial Govt for improvement of Governance and delivery of services

Talukas/Towns

(01)The middle tier, the Talukas/Towns Govt, had Talukas/Towns Municipal Administration, headed by the Talukas/Towns Nazim

(02)Talukas/Towns Municipal Administration consisted of a Talukas/Towns Nazim, a Talukas/Towns Municipal Officer, Talukas/Towns Officer, Chief Officers and other officials.

(03)The Talukas/Towns Municipal Administration was entrusted with the function of administration, finances, the management of the offices of the local govt and rural development and numerous other subjects at the regional, divisional, district, Talukas/Towns and lower levels

Union Councils

(01)The lowest tier, the union government was a corporate body covering the rural as well as urban areas across the whole District

(02)It consisted of Union Nazim, Naib Union Nazim and three Secretaries and other auxiliary staff

(03)The Union Nazim was the head of Union Administration. The Union Secretaries coordinated and facilitated in community development, functioning of the Union Committees and delivery of municipal services under the supervision of union Nazim

(04)In addition to fiscal transfers from the Provinces, the Local Govt were authorized to generate money from their own resources by levying certain taxes, fees, user charges etc.

Local Government Department Sindh

The Local Government Department is working to respond to the specific needs of the citizens of Sindh falling within the ambit of local governance. The Department has been assigned the responsibility to implement the Sindh Local Government Act 2013 whereas, ‘It is expedient to establish an elected local government system to devolve political, administrative and financial responsibility and authority to the elected representatives of the local governments; to promote good governance, effective delivery of services and transparent decision making through institutionalized participation of the people at local level; and, to deal with ancillary matters’ (Sindh Local Government Act 2013) To achieve the stated objectives of the local government reforms introduced by the Government of Sindh the Department also has regulatory and administrative functions to ensure that the local governments throughout the province perform their roles and functions within the policy framework introduced under the law.

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